Saturday, November 29, 2014

BEWARE OF THE RISING CELTIC PEOPLE









Ireland's Spirit, evolved from both Greek mythology of the Rising Phoenix on the ashes and the Easter Resurrection from the tomb, combined into our own. The words Rising and Phoenix, have highly significant Spiritual essence for the Irish, which can only be experienced as once again it is happening in Ireland at this present time. It is an experience, that is physical, emotional, intellectual and spiritual among the developing relationships of insurrection and protest, which are currently part of the bigger picture, of defining Ireland's future relationships within itself, Europe and the World.

The cataclysmic experience of a sudden shift, from the illusory Celtic Tiger, to a mafianomic austerity, has sparked this insurrection. Through the ensuing process of awareness, the opportunity exists for Ireland to release old undigested experiences, traumas, personal beliefs, outdated habits and patterns, to move into a more whole and united entity in everyday life, with a new perspective and national efficacy.

The responsibility of the enlightened worldwide, is to support the Irish people in solidarity, while moving in the direction, of a life worth living on the island, to a purpose driven, meaningful life experience, with less poverty stress and anxiety, in fulfilling their work and relationships. Core issues, both private and public, that hinder a new progressive way of fulfilling Irish life, will have to be confronted and addressed, in what is hopefully, a peaceful, intelligent, way forward. Help to empower Ireland in this direction is needed from the benign, rather than the centuries old, malign interference. The influence of the Irish diaspora abroad, is critical in all of this, as the New Ireland evolves, one protest at a time.

The article below from Wikipedia, on the work of WB Yeats, is a record of this critical influence from English literature, in what became known as the Celtic revival. However the writer and revolutionary Padraig Pearse was the Gaelic element, that recognized, the important Spiritual aspect of the Irish revival in reawakening the Soul of the Island. This was best captured in his expression, “Tír gan teanga, tír gan anam. A country without a language is a country without a soul.” Ireland's Soul certainly went to sleep around the tiger, it remains to be seen, just how far the "Risen People" will take it this time.and how both reactionary domestic forces and foreign occupation forces will mishandle it, this time.


Currently they are using their corporate media, to demonize the protest. Their history suggests, they will try to use provocateurs to create violence, with some sort of false flag operation, in places such as Limerick, to divide and discredit the protesters. They will attempt to introduce the terrorist narrative, to justify extra judicial activity. They will use tactics, similar to those used outside the British Embassy in Ballsbridge some years ago, during the Hunger Strike. Lessons from that experience and mistakes made, are important factors in being prepared to anticipate any state, counter attacks and to be organized.



September 1913


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia




This article is about the poem by W. B. Yeats. For the month in 1913, see September_1913_(month).


"September 1913" is a poem by W. B. Yeats. Perhaps one of his greatest works, September 1913 was written midway through his life as a highly reflective poem which is rooted within the turbulent past. Most notably, the poem provides insight into Yeats' detestation of the middle classes whilst also glorifying figures such as John O'Leary.


What need you, being come to sense,
But fumble in a greasy till
And add the halfpence to the pence
And prayer to shivering prayer, until
You have dried the marrow from the bone;
For men were born to pray and save;
Romantic Ireland's dead and gone,
It's with O'Leary in the grave.

Yet they were of a different kind,
The names that stilled your childish play,
They have gone about the world like wind,
But little time had they to pray
For whom the hangman's rope was spun,
And what, God help us, could they save?
Romantic Ireland's dead and gone,
It's with O'Leary in the grave.

Was it for this the wild geese spread
The grey wing upon every tide;
For this that all that blood was shed,
For this Edward Fitzgerald died,
And Robert Emmet and Wolfe Tone,
All that delirium of the brave?
Romantic Ireland's dead and gone,
It's with O'Leary in the grave.

Yet could we turn the years again,
And call those exiles as they were
In all their loneliness and pain,
You'd cry `Some woman's yellow hair
Has maddened every mother's son':
They weighed so lightly what they gave.
But let them be, they're dead and gone,
They're with O'Leary in the grave.[1]


Contents

[hide]
1 Style
2 Key Themes and John O'Leary
3 The Hugh Lane Bequest
4 Dublin Lock-out
5 References

Style[edit]


Unlike some of his earlier work, this poem adopts a new tone and style which expresses a hatred for the CatholicBourgeoisie.[2] Yeats' new use of unpleasant adjectives such as 'greasy' is very much indicative of the tone, as he expresses that religion and the middle class are crafty and sly. Moreover, the use of the strong ABAB rhyme scheme maintains a spiteful and accusatory tone.
Key Themes and John O'Leary


The poem focuses on manifesting Yeats' new stance of belief exploring his new political mind and celebrating those, whom he believes worth of praise. Notably, in all four of the refrains, Yeats mentions John O'Leary, who was an Irish separatist 'of a different kind'. His political stance was much less self-interested, compared with many of Yeats' contemporaries, as he instead focused on getting the greatest good for Ireland. It is clear through the poem, Yeats admires this and wishes for a return to the less egotistical and self-driven politics of a bygone era. Yeats does, however, appear to question whether these great historical figures, whom he admired and previously emulated in the style of his earlier work, are comprehensive in their understanding of the world in which they lived.


"September 1913" functions also as an iconic example of Yeats's own fidelity to the literary tradition of the 19th British Romantic poets. A devoted reader of both William Blake andPercy Shelley, Yeats's repetition of the phrase "Romantic Ireland" connects the politically motivated ideals of the Romantics "to an Irish national landscape."[3] The fact that Yeats attaches a second repetition of "It's with O'Leary in the grave" indicates further the speaker's belief that John O'Learyembodied a nationalism in his political actions that now rests solely within the poem. Indeed, John O'Leary "directed Yeats not just to large-mindedness, but to a way of combining Romanticism with Irishness into an original synthesis."[4] In other words, O'Leary's influence on Yeats enables the poet to both inherit the literary legacy of the Romantics while carrying on the nationalistic vision of O'Leary. As a result, the romantic idealism found in Blake and Shelley is now transformed into a fundamentally Irish concept whereas Yeats's deep Irish heritage becomes Romantic in every sense of the word. "September 1913" thus illustrates that "Romantic Ireland is not dead after all; rather, it lives on in the remarkable voice uttering the poem, the voice of O'Leary's greatest disciple, fully of hybridity and passion at once."[5] In a matter of four stanzas, the poem's speaker manages to exist at the confluence of British Romanticism and Irish nationalism.


Ironically, Yeats's endorsement of the Romantic imagination in "September 1913" is also used to identify several of its flaws that are in need of his revision. Writing at the nexus of the Romantic and Irish traditions "enabled him to correct flaws not only of Shelley but also of Blake, who he thought should have been more rooted and less obscure."[6] Now that "Romantic Ireland's dead and gone," it can no longer express its will and thus requires Yeats poetic prowess to clarify Ireland's message. Speaking specifically about Irish leaders such as Edward Fitzgerald, Robert Emmet and Wolfe Tone, Yeats describes them as brave yet a bit delirious, a classification that treats the poet as far more grounded in his politics than the Irish nationalists who died. Yeats channels the fervor of their idealism and struggle through his words by insisting that his own poem continues the nationalist project initiated by those who came before him. The speaker's voice thus becomes "the characteristic note of Yeats's great mature poetry."[7]
The Hugh Lane Bequest


Hugh Lane offered his collection of paintings to the Dublin Municipal Corporation. Public reaction was mostly negative on economic and moral grounds. In the end, as Yeats said "the mob" prevailed. In a note to this poem Yeats wrote that the pictures "works by Corot, Degas and Renoir - were compared to the Trojan Horse 'which destroyed a city'. They were dubbed 'indecent' and those who admired the painting were called 'self-seekers, self-advertisers, picture dealers, log-rolling cranks, and faddists'..."[8]
Dublin Lock-out


Yeats wrote this poem following the Dublin Lock-Out and The Hugh Lane Bequest. Robert Emmet, mentioned in the poem, planned for a revolution several times, unsuccessfully. When he was finally successful, he was said to try and stop everything mid-rebellion, because he witnessed a man being pulled from his horse and killed. Considering that Emmet had spent months previously manufacturing explosives and weapons, this sudden drawback at the sight of violence, suggests that he did not fully understand the implications of a revolution. Perhaps Yeats is acknowledging the naivety of some Irish Republican figures like Robert Emmet, and himself, following public violence as a result of attempts at revolution.


see:[9]
References
Jump up^http://www.eliteskills.com/analysis_poetry/September_1913_by_William_Butler_Yeats_analysis.php
Jump up^ http://voices.yahoo.com/analysis-yeats-poem-september-1913-4534097.html
Jump up^ George Bornstein, "Yeats and Romanticism," The Cambridge Companion to W.B. Yeats, 27. Edited by Marjorie Howes and John Kelly. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Jump up^ George Bornstein, "Yeats and Romanticism," 27.
Jump up^ George Bornstein, "Yeats and Romanticism," 28.
Jump up^ George Bornstein, "Yeats and Romanticism," 27.
Jump up^ George Bornstein, "Yeats and Romanticism," 28.
Jump up^ Adele M dalsimer, "By the Irish Political Ballad, Colby Library Quarterly, 12,1 March 1976, p38)http://www.advertiser.ie/galway/article/1479
Jump up^ Dublin Lock-out


This article incorporates text from September 1913, by W. B. Yeats, a publication from 1913 now in the public domain in the United States.





[hide]

v
t
e


W. B. Yeats



Poetry





Volumes

The Wanderings of Oisin and Other Poems (1889)
The Countess Kathleen and Various Legends and Lyrics(1892)
In the Seven Woods (1903)
The Wild Swans at Coole (1919)
Michael Robartes and the Dancer (1921)
The Tower(1928)
The Winding Stair and Other Poems (1933)




Poems

"Aedh Wishes for the Cloths of Heaven"
"An Irish Airman Foresees His Death"
"Adam's Curse"
"Blood and the Moon"
"The Circus Animals' Desertion"
"Down by the Salley Gardens"
"A Drunken Man's Praise of Sobriety"
"Easter, 1916"
"Ego Dominus Tuus"
"In Memory of Eva Gore-Booth and Con Markiewicz"
"Lake Isle of Innisfree"
"On being asked for a War Poem"
"Politics"
"A Prayer for My Daughter"
"Remorse for Intemperate Speech"
"The Rose of Battle"
"The Rose-Tree"
"Sailing to Byzantium"
"September 1913
"Song of the Old Mother"
"The Scholars"
"The Second Coming"
"The Song of the Happy Shepherd"
"The Stolen Child"
"Swift's Epitaph"
"To the Rose upon the Rood of Time"
"The Tower"
"Under Ben Bulben
"The Wanderings of Oisin"
"The Wild Swans at Coole"




Plays

Mosada (1886)
The Land of Heart's Desire (1894)
Diarmuid and Grania (1901)
Cathleen ni Houlihan (1902)
The Countess Cathleen (1911)
At the Hawk's Well (1916)
The Resurrection (1927)
Purgatory (1938)



Other works

A Vision (1925)
The Curse of the Fires and of the Shadows



People

John Butler Yeats (father)
Susan Pollexfen (mother)
Jack Butler Yeats (brother)
Elizabeth Yeats (sister)
Lily Yeats(sister)
Maud Gonne (lover)
Georgie Hyde-Lees (wife)
Anne Yeats (daughter)
Michael Yeats (son)



Related

W. B. Yeats bibliography
An Appointment with Mr Yeats
"Troy"
Thoor Ballylee
Samhain magazine




Categories:
Poetry by W. B. Yeats

GERRY ADAMS ORDERS A CURRY FOR GREGORY







Like the Devil in the above video,  Britain has instigated division all over the world on the basis of religion or ethnic background, to divide and conquer. The following article explains how they use the Orange Order in Ireland both as tool of division and pretext for occupation. The libertaion struggle in Ireland is not about religion, it is about freedom. Here is the oath every Orangeman signs up to when he joins. “He should strenuously oppose the fatal errors and doctrines of the Church of Rome, and scrupulously avoid countenancing by his presence or otherwise any act or ceremony of Popish worship, he should, by all lawful means, resist the ascendancy of that Church, its encroachments, and the extension of its power.”

The F-- the Pope Bands who take part in Orange marches sing a song of then outside Catholic Churches, called “We are the Billy Boys,” the first verse goes like this:

Hello! Hello! We are the Billy Boys
Hello! Hello! You'll know us by our noise
We're up to our necks in Fenian blood
Surrender or you'll die.



Since the early nineteenth century, Orangemen are involved in violent conflict with Irish Catholics. One instance, included the murder of a Catholic priest and several members of the congregation of Dumreilly on 25 May 1816. A crowd of Orangemen with guns marched into the church and started shooting the congregation. On 19 July 1823 the Unlawful Oaths Bill, banned all oath societies in Ireland, including the Orange Order, which was dissolved, but reconstituted. In 1825 a bill banning unlawful associations,compelled the Orangemen once more to dissolve their association.

 In 1836 t
he Orange Order supported a plot by Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and Imperial Grand Master of the Orange Order, to take the throne of England, to replace Queen Victoria. The plot was revealed the House of Commons, after which,a motion called upon King William IV, to disband the Orange Order. Under pressure from the King, the Duke of Cumberland was forced to dissolve all Orange lodges.

In 1845 the ban was lifted, but at their notorious Battle of Dolly's Brae the Orangemen again slaughtered Catholics, which again led to a ban on Orange marches, which remained in place for generations. Until the late 19th century, the Order Order was in permanent decline. However, it was again revived by the absentee English landlords in Ireland, to spread Protestant opposition, to the Irish nationalist mobilization of the Irish Land League and subsequently to Irish Home Rule. 


The Orange Order, with British incitement became heavily involved in opposition to the Liberal 
Gladstone's first Irish Home Rule Bill 1886, and was instrumental in creating the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP), a forerunner of the more extreme DUP of today. They organized Protestant opposition to Irish self-government in the Protestant-dominated six counties, which is known today as British Occupied Ireland, or what the British call Northern Ireland.

In 1912, the Third Home Rule Bill was introduced in the British House of Commoners, but its introduction was delayed until 1914, to give the Orange Order more time to organize, in conjunction with the British Conservative Party, who were inflexible in opposing the Bill. The Order helped organize the 1912 Ulster Covenant, which was a pledge to oppose Home Rule and was signed by several hundred thousand people. In 1911 the Orange Order began arming themselves, with the help of the British, who trained them as a militia, called the Ulster Volunteers. There was almost a complete overlap between all Orange Lodges and sectarian UVF killer units. The British armed them with a large shipment of rifles, under the cover of being imported from Germany, in what became known as the Larne gun-running.

Eventually the Fourth Home Rule Act was passed, as the Government of Ireland Act 1920, with the six north eastern counties of Ulster, becoming, what the British called Northern Ireland. This self-governing entity, was termed by leading Orangemen, as a Protestant Government for a Protestant people within Britain, where Catholics were to suffer greatly.

The Orange Order, had a central place in the new state of Northern Ireland. From 1921 to 1969, every Prime Minister was an Orangeman and member of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP). James Craig, the first Prime Minister of Occupied Ireland, maintained that his statelet was in effect Protestant and the symbol of its ruling forces was the Orange Order. In 1932, Prime Minister Craig stated that "ours is a Protestant government and I am an Orangeman". Two years later he stated: "I have always said that I am an Orangeman first and a politician and a member of this parliament afterwards…all I boast, is that we have a Protestant Parliament and a Protestant State".

After the outbreak of "The Troubles" in 1969, the Grand Orange Lodge of Ireland, encouraged Orangemen to join the RUC and the British Army's (UDR). The response was strong, with over 300 armed Orangemen killed during the conflict, all of them members of British armed forces. 
Other 
Orangemen joined loyalist paramilitaries, who murdered numerous Catholics, on a sectarian basis. During the conflict, the Order had a duplicitous relationship with loyalist paramilitaries, the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), with elements of the Orange Order, urging its members to join these organisations. 

This is still the status of the Orange Order of today. The estimated membership of the Orange Order is around 34,000. This dictates what remains of the failed Irish Peace Process and the are the primary cause of it's failure. It is hardcore sectarianism and like Gregory Campbell, it is a rabid group of prejudice and bigotry, with close links to white supremacist groups, such as the Ku Klux Klan, Nazi groups in Britain and the fascist Blueshirts in the south of Ireland.There will be no peace in Ireland while the British Government secretly enables them and sponsors their sectarian state to the tune of 10 billion pounds annually.

Friday, November 28, 2014

GERRY ADAMS GETS DOWN & DIRTY IN IRISH PEACE PROCESS




27 NOVEMBER 2014 Belfast, Ireland                    

Provisional Sinn Fein MP Michelle Gildernew ,has described today, the DUP's Gregory Campbell as "a bollocks" after her party leader Gerry Adams, also talked about "breaking the bastards", while responding to an earlier debate on the Irish language, in which Unionist DUP MP Gregory Campbelle said "curry my yogurt can coca coalyer"sounds similar to the Irish phrase, 'go raibh maith agat, Ceann Comhairle' which means approximately, thank you chairperson.

Earlier this week, negotiations commenced with the prospect of reviving the Irish Peace Process, which are chaired by a US Envoy from John Kerry's office. If these exchanges this week, are anything to go by, it appears that the Irish Peace Process, is definitely finished, with the the only prospect for peace, now being a Federal solution for the island, with an internal settlement proving impossible.

Wednesday, November 26, 2014

SOULLESS WASTELAND OF CORPORATE IRELAND




“Tír gan teanga, tír gan anam. A country without a language is a country without a soul.”
Pádraig Pearse

James Joyce like Samuel Beckett fled to Paris and famously said: 'Ireland, Island of Saints and Sages', that "No self-respecting person wants to stay in Ireland. Instead he will run from it, as if from a country that has been subjected to a visitation by an angry Jove." 


"Your music should be abou' where you're from an' the sort o' people yeh come from.—Say it once, say it loud, I'm black an' I'm proud ...—The Irish are the niggers of Europe, lads." —Roddy Doyle, The Commitments. There are also claims that Malcolm X said, "The Irish are the blacks of Europe !" but he was talking about the Irish genetic connection to the Moors, by way of Spain. However the analogy is valid. The last large numbers of white people to be sold into slavery, were the Irish with 150,000 sold back in the 1600s, when English pirates sold Irish slaves, regarding them as another species.

Events around the global banking crisis of 2008 and more particularly how it was mishandled in Ireland, have again clarified, that the Irish working class are being treated like the blacks of Europe. Currently Ireland is fourth globally in suicide rates for males age 18-24, according to a 2014 report, with unemployment rates comparable to black ghettos in the States. With the fall-out from the Irish bailout of the banking bondholders, resulting austerity and recession, bringing the Irish economy and living conditions below dozens of 'third world countries, it is another shock to the system. Ireland's current sense of gloom permeates the Irish air and patterns of current behaviour.

The Irish working class 'nigger' status is not just a fact abroad but it is still a reality on their own Island. It is crystal clear for centuries in the north of the island, with their sectarian treatment by the Orange Order culture, as crystallized in exchanges in the last few days, between the racist Gregory Campbell and Gerry Adams, it also true in the south, where the "West Brit Elite" still control society. Allied to a native gombeen class of neo-fascists in Fine Gael, along with colluding Labour careerists. The mafianomics of the corporate bankers and their sponsored native politicians, are denuding Ireland of it's native resources and people, with a ruthlessness, comparable to deforestation. Their instruction manual is the "The Art of War," as they adopt a scorched earth policy, leaving an Irish wasteland that is soulless.  


National Debt of Ireland


Ireland Debt Clock
204,643,296,961 €



Source: Irish Government Data

The Figures



Interest per year:


9,787,870,202€




Population:


4,591,087




GDP:


179,692,529,688€





Interest per second:


310€




Citizen's Share:


44,574€




Debt as % of GDP:


113.89%

Interesting Facts


You could wrap $1 bills around the Earth 990 times with the debt amount!


If you lay $1 bills on top of each other they would make a pile 27,767 km, or 17,253 miles high!


That's equivalent to 0.07 trips to the Moon!
Household Share


Household Share: 44,574€





Pope urges a “lonely” “self-absorbed” Europe to recover its soul


2014-11-26 Vatican Radio

(Vatican Radio) Pope Francis called on a “haggard” and “lonely” Europe to recover its role as a world protagonist, its identity as a defender of the transcendent dignity of man, the poor, the migrant, the persecuted, the old and the young, to recover its soul: Christianity.
Emer McCarthy reports: 
In a lengthy address– the first of two on his one day visit to the heart of Europe –  he told members of the European Parliament in Strasbourg that a two-thousand-year-old history links Europe and Christianity, “not free of conflicts or errors, but driven by the desire to work for the good of all”. This “is our present and our future.  It is our identity”, he said
The Pope also urged Europe’s 500 million citizens to see the Union’s problems – economic stagnation, unemployment, immigration, rising poverty levels and a growing polarization -  as a “force for unity” to overcome fears and mutual mistrust.
“Dignity” he said was the pivotal concept in the process of rebuilding which followed the Second World War and led to the European project. Today it remains central to the commitment of the European Union. But Pope Francis warned, often the concept of human rights is misunderstood and misused. 
He pointed to tendency to uphold the rights of the individual, “without regard for the fact that each human being is part of a social context wherein his or her rights and duties are bound up with those of others and with the common good of society itself”.         
Transcendent human dignity – the Pope continued - means regarding human beings not as absolutes, but as beings in relation.  He spoke of a Europe rampant with the disease of loneliness a direct result of the trend towards individualism. He said the economic crisis has worsened this pervasive loneliness and nourished a growing mistrust in people towards institutions considered aloof and bureaucratic. 
The Pope spoke of the unsustainable opulence of selfish lifestyles amid indifference to the poorest of the poor, where technical and economic questions dominate political debate, to the detriment of genuine concern for human beings.
This – the Pope noted –reduces human life to being a “cog in a machine” which, if no longer useful, can be “discarded with few qualms, as in the case of the terminally ill, the elderly who are abandoned and uncared for, and children who are killed in the womb”. This – Pope Francis said quoting Benedict XVI - is the great mistake made “when technology is allowed to take over”; the result is a confusion between ends and means”.
The future of Europe – added Pope Francis - depends on the recovery of the vital connection between openness to God and the practical and concrete ability to confront situations and problems.
The Pope said Christianity is not a threat to secular Europe but rather an enrichment. He said religions can help Europe counter “many forms of extremism” spreading today that are often “a result of the great vacuum of ideals which we are currently witnessing in the West”.
Here he decried the “shameful and complicit silence” of many while religious minorities are being “evicted from their homes and native lands, sold as slaves, killed, beheaded, crucified or burned alive”.
Pope Francis went on to observe that the motto of the European Union isUnited in Diversity, but unity, does not mean uniformity. Keeping democracy alive in Europe means avoiding the many globalizing tendencies to dilute reality.
Keeping democracies alive is a challenge in the present historic moment, he continued, but  it must not be allowed to collapse under the pressure of multinational interests which are not universal. It means nurturing the gifts of each man and woman; investing in families, the fundamental cell and most precious element of any society; in educational institutes;  in young people today who are asking for a suitable and complete education to help them to look to the future with hope instead of disenchantment. 
In areas such as the ecology Europe has always been in the vanguard, the Pope said, while noting that today “millions of people around the world are dying of hunger while tons of food are discarded each day from our tables”. 
He also spoke of the need to promote policies that create employment, but above all “restore dignity to labour by ensuring proper working conditions” while avoiding the exploitation of workers and ensuring “their ability to create a family and educate their children”.
On the issue of migration Pope Francis called for a united response decrying the lack of a coordinated EU wide effort to adopt policies that assist migrants in their countries of origin and that promote a just and realistic integration: “We cannot allow the Mediterranean to become a vast cemetery!” he decried to lengthy applause.
Pope Francis concluded: “The time has come for us to abandon the idea of a Europe which is fearful and self-absorbed, in order to revive and encourage a Europe of leadership, a repository of science, art, music, human values and faith as well.  A Europe which contemplates the heavens and pursues lofty ideals.  A Europe which cares for, defends and protects man, every man and woman.  A Europe which bestrides the earth surely and securely, a precious point of reference for all humanity!

WILD FLOWERS Not your Garden Variety

Patricia Black

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Born

28 November 1972

Belfast,


Died

15 November 1991 (aged 18)

London, England


Allegiance

Provisional Irish Republican Army


Years of service

1972 - 1991


Rank

Volunteer


Unit

Belfast Brigade


Patricia Black, also known as smiler or Patricia Black-Donnelly (28 November 1972 – 15 November 1991) was a Volunteer in the Belfast Brigade of the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA).

Background

Black grew up in the Lenadoon area of Belfast and was educated at St. Oliver Plunkett Primary School and St. Genevieve's Girls Secondary School in Belfast.

Active service

Patricia joined the IRA at the age of 17. Her comrades considered her a determined and dedicated young woman and she was tasked with the role of intelligence gathering. Later Black informed her parent that she was moving to Dublin but secretly moved to London.[1][3]
She died, along with fellow Volunteer, Frank Ryan, on 15 November 1991, when an improvised explosive device she was carrying detonated prematurely near London. A British Armymilitary band had been playing in theatre on St Peter's Street in St Albans which the pair had planned to attack, when the device unexpectedly exploded killing her and Ryan.
At the funeral of Frank Ryan a Sinn Féin leader, Jim Gibney, stated "Frankie and Patricia are not alone. They are representatives of a generation of Ireland's youth who have acquired the skills to remain hidden, who come forward when required to do so. How will the British defeat this invisible force?"
Black is buried in Milltown Cemetery Belfast.
The Volunteers Patricia Black and Frankie Ryan Memorial Flute Band from the Garngad area of Glasgow is jointly named after her, they are politically aligned to éirígí
political mural depicting a uniformed armed female republican in uniform in the Lenadoon area of Belfast is jointly dedicated to Black as well as Laura Crawford, Bridie Quinn and Mairéad Farrell.
A memorial to Black and Ryan was erected in their honour at the Sally Gardens Centre in Belfast. At its unveiling in 2007, West Belfast MLA Jennifer McCann stated "They are our heroes and our inspiration. They are no longer with us but let us take their vision forward."

Maud Gonne WikiLink